Kovachitsa is a village in northwestern Bulgaria. It is located in Lom municipality, Montana region. The village is situated near the Danube River, 12 km east of the town of Lom on the way to Kozloduy. It is huddled at the foot of a hill. Above the village there is a dam, the waters of which are used for irrigation.
According to local legends, the village was founded by settlers from the area of Chiprovtsi, after the suppression of the Chiprovtsi Uprising. Part of the population descends with boats and rafts along the Timok River, then downstream of the Danube and settled on the banks of the river, at the site now known as the Baba Stoyana Mogila. Then, at the outbreak of cholera, some of the people settled down at the local blacksmith who lived 5 kilometers from the river, at the site where the village is now – the origin of the name Kovacica. The origin of the name is controversial, as it may have been transferred from the settlers from the Chiprovtsi region (Kiprovets) to the new place. (Near Chiprovtsi is the present village of Gorna Kovachitsa). And according to what Gaddil Alexandrov Dimitrov told me about Ghost “Pisica” (Gavril Alexandrov Dimitrov), whom I have listened to over the years and who has never mistaken the stories told by old men from the village about the past and of Kovachitsa and of Gorno Linyovo, the settlement of the Baba Stoynina Mogila locality was done in the manner described, but not as a result of the defeat of the Chiprovsky Uprising, but for a more prosaic reason – the rowing of several descendants of Saxon Rudari who have mined metals (primary gold) c Aion Chiprovtzi according obtained from Sultan Ottoman concession. According to the old men, they (the Rudari) have smuggled part of the gold mined for Saxony with hunters on the ridge of Stara Planina. Naturally, at one point, they were confronted with the distribution of profit, and the battles that had lost the battle had to emigrate from this area. They stopped about 12 km east of Lom to the river, since at that time the whole area around the lower reaches of the Lom River up to the Tsibritsa River was overgrown with centuries-old oak and elm forests.
The settlements of Kovachitsa and Gorno Linyovo have moved several times in the area for various reasons, one of which is probably cholera, but there have been other reasons – landslides, the avoidance of the Burlachian burden of the population, etc. According to Dado Garo, the latter is the main reason for the Kovacitsa village to be exported to the present location. The population was supposed to pull against the stream of the river the Turkish gems carrying goods to the upper course of the river, of course – free of charge. The mound, later named after grandmother Stoina, is the highest place near the bend of the river with a magnificent view of the eastern gems. That’s where Grandma Stoina watched their approach, and by beatings in an eagle she warned the population to leave the river bank. This behavior apparently caused complaints from the inhabitants of Chochan and Labec (now Stanevo village), who had to tow the ships to the land of the village of Linyovo. To avoid this embarrassment and further conflicts, blacksmiths move their village to the present place.
According to the legends, the settlers in Gorno Linyovo are Bulgarians – refugees from the “magyar or persecution” persecution in the South Carpathians well before the Baba Stoyina Mogila settlement. Their village was near the present village of Linyovo (formerly Dolno Linyovo). It was named after the wife of the voivoda who ruled the lands of the Southern Carpathians – Liliana. According to the legend, almost all men died in battles, and Liliana managed to transplant all women, children and old men on the southern bank of the Danube. Since he had to swim the Danube several times with his horse, he drowned with the tiredness with her. Later, with a landslide, half of the dead died, buried in their dugouts. (Few Bulgarians know that the population in the plains of Northern Bulgaria lived in dugouts, along with domestic animals, and about 150 years ago). Part of the rest of the living people restored the settlement, where today is the village of Linyovo, and the others moved to the interior – about half a kilometer east of the “Giarda” area.
Part of the settlers in the current village of Gorno Linyovo arrive after the pogrom of the rebellion in northwestern Bulgaria in 1850 – the so-called Nish rebellion. They come from Pirot and build the first mills in the area. Until then, chamomile was used to grind the grain.
The last Saturday and Sunday of August is held at the annual meeting of the village of Kovachitsa. Then gather all relatives, brothers, children and friends from all over Bulgaria, and in the last years and from different parts of the world. Also annually, Ilinden is celebrated on August 2 on the Danube. The holiday runs from Friday to Sunday.