Plovdiv is the largest and most beautiful city in the Thracian Plain. It is located in the western part of the Thracian Plain, 160m above sea level. The city is blistering with short winters and long hot summers.
Plovdiv is the second-largest city in Bulgaria and one of the oldest in Europe. The history of the city dates back to 6th millennium BCE. It is the fourth oldest inhabited city in Europe. His motto is “Ancient and Eternal.” Plovdiv was built around 7 hills like Rome, but the seventh, Markov Tepe, was destroyed in the 1930s.
Probably the most important part of the city history is that it was capital of Philip II of Macedon, the father of Alexander of Macedon in the 4th century BCE. During that period the city was named Philippopolis.
What to see in Plovdiv
In 2019 Plovdiv is honored with recognition European Capital of culture. And this is no accident, in the city there are many remains from antiquity. In Plovdiv you van find unique archaeological sites. There are also well-preserved beautiful old houses, churches, museums, galleries and much more sightseeings.
In Plovdiv you can find probably the best-known monument from antiquity in Bulgaria. The Roman theater was built during the reign of Emperor Traian, 2c. It had 28 rows of seats, with 14 rows fully reserved. It has gathered about 6,000 people. Apart from theater, the venue also acted as the seat of the Roman assembly. The theater is located between Taksim and Jambaz Tepe. Found by accident. Nowadays the roman theater is an unique scene for different cultural events.
Another Roman Emperor also left a trail in Plovdiv. His name is Hadrian and during his reign he build an impressive Ancient Stadium in the 2nd century – approximately 240 metres long and 50 metres wide. The Philippopolis Ancient Stadium could accommodate 30,000 seated viewers. The Thracians held Olympic athletic games at the stadium. Unfortunately nowadays most of the stadium is buried under the main street of Plovdiv. However, a small portion of 14 lines remains open. You can see it in front of the mosque. If you are there do not miss to watch the 3D movie “PLOVDIV IN THE 2ND CENTURY A.D.” in THE ROMAN STADIUM 3D CINEMA HALL.
Plovdiv Regional Ethnographic Museum
In 1847 the merchant Argir Kuyumdzhioglu, entrusts the builder Hadzhi Georgi, to construct a hose in the hard of the city’s Old Town. Nowadays this example of Plovdiv’s mid-19th century Baroque architecture is converted to a Regional Ethnographic Museum.